Longitudinal HIV sequencing reveals reservoir expression leading to decay which is obscured by clonal expansion

Pinzone MR, VanBelzen DJ, Weissman S, Bertuccio MP, Cannon L, Venanzi-Rullo E, Migueles S, Jones RB, Mota T, Joseph SB, Groen K, Pasternak AO, Hwang WT, Sherman B, Vourekas A, Nunnari G, O'Doherty U. Nat Commun. 2019 Feb 13;10(1):728. doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-08431-7.


How HIV reservoirs are shaped over time on antiviral therapy is poorly understood. Here, the authors analyze the dynamics of the HIV reservoir by longitudinal proviral sequencing revealing that HIV reservoir expression can contribute to its clearance and paradoxically even to its persistence.